Hormone Imbalance And Menstrual Cycle: What should You Know

hormone imbalance menstrual cycle

Hormone imbalance is a fancy term that matters in regulating all the functions of your body. Whenever there is a disturbance in your menstrual cycle or a disruption in your sleep pattern or mood levels, the hormone imbalance is the cause.

This article is a result of my utmost effort and research that I did to find out the actual role of hormones in our body, mainly in a woman’s body. 

Hormonal variation has a bad reputation as it can disturb all the standard functionality of your body, even your menstrual cycle, and sexual desires. But the question is why the normal level of hormones are so important to drive your body. And how any imbalance in these hormones disrupts your body functions.

In this article, we will explore the term hormones in detail, a step by step introduction with them, and also the link of these chemicals with your periods.

So in the starting of this journey, firstly, let’s talk about:

What are hormones?

hormone imbalance menstrual cycle

Hormones are the chemicals that the glands in your endocrine system secrete. These chemicals travel in all your body through the bloodstream. And these are the primary regulators that tell your body what to do and when to do. Female Hormones that regulate all your menstrual cycle, your ovulation and cause periods are estrogen and progesterone.

I think now you have a basic idea about hormones. Now the second question is 

What is the hormone imbalance?

When the hormone level in your bloodstream fluctuates, it leads to hormonal imbalance. This variation in the average level may include fewer hormones as well as large quantities of hormones in the blood.

Both these conditions fall under the broad term of hormonal imbalance. These hormone variations can affect the following functions of your body.

  1. Heart Rate
  2. Appetite and Metabolism
  3. Sexual Functions and Menstrual Cycle
  4. Sleep Pattern
  5. Moods
  6. Body Temperature

Besides this, in the case of hormonal imbalance, you might experience breast tenderness or acne before or during menstruation.

My Experience

I have a very close and dear relation with hormonal imbalance. No, it’s not medically? Actually, whenever I fought with my husband, and when I realize that he is winning the argument, I simply told him that “oh, you don’t know its all due to my hormones.”

Or all the mood swings I ever had on my periods, I simply blame hormonal variance for this. I always have some severe type of mood swings before or during menstruation, and I always thought that it is all due to my changing hormones. 

Last night, I suddenly got sad, and since I am on my periods so I thought Yeah It might be due to hormones. But you only realize this if you are a female. 

Till today, I thought that hormonal variations only affect your moods or menstrual cycle. But after doing research, I found out that hormones play a vital role in all functions of your body.

So, I thought, why shouldn’t I share all these things with you? This article will include the link between hormone imbalance and your menstrual cycle.

Hormone Imbalance And Periods

hormone imbalance menstrual cycle symptoms

Do you know the essential thing behind the regulation of your menstrual cycle is hormones? Chemicals such as estrogen and progesterone drive your periods. Hormones play an important role in ovulation, and you know that if you don’t ovulate, you can’t get periods. 

So a balance of hormones is necessary for a regular menstrual cycle. But, naturally, at different stages of your life, individual variations of hormones occur. 

Hormones level regularly changes during

  1. Puberty
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Menopause
  4. Premenopausal
  5. Postmenopause
  6. After or during breastfeeding
  7. Postpartum

But a question that arises here is how you can identify if you are suffering from hormonal variance or not.

So the answer is that, if there is a change in hormones level in your body, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Weight gain
  • Hair loss
  • Skin tags
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes or night sweats
  • Acne
  • Growth of facial hair
  • Irregular, light, or very heavy menstruation

Hormones that play a role in the regulation of your menstrual cycle are

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

These hormones are secreted from the pituitary glands. By the secretion of FSH, the process of maturing follicles begins.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

In the pituitary gland, the brain releases the luteinizing hormone at ovulation. It causes the release of an egg by rupturing the mature ovarian follicle.


Estrogen is one of the female hormones. This hormone is abundant during the follicular phase of your menstrual cycle. This hormone has an essential role in your body; that’s why it is also referred to as a growth hormone.

The uterine lining grows and matures due to estrogen. Before ovulation, the egg also gets mature because of this hormone.

The following glands lead to the production of estrogen in your body

  • Ovaries
  • Fat tissues
  • Adrenal Glands

Estrogen dominance discharge

estrogen dominance discharge

Changes in your estrogen level cause the release of mucus from your vagina. The high degree of estrogen, as compared to other hormones, is called estrogen dominance.

When there is a high level of estrogen in your body, it stimulates the cervix to secrete more mucus. From these secretions, a few mucus discharges from your vagina. This discharging that is regulated by estrogen dominance is called estrogen dominance discharge.


The second female hormone is progesterone, which is also known as the relaxing hormone. As it works in the body to balance the effect of estrogen.

It is abundant during the second half of your menstrual cycle, which is the luteal phase. The corpus luteum secretes this hormone after the ovulation.

If there is a pregnancy, progesterone builds up, helps mature, and maintains the uterine lining.

But if there is no fertilization of eggs, the progesterone level in your body drops, this leads to the beginning of periods. The first day of your mesnes, in which you bleed the most.

Role of progesterone in the menstrual cycle

role of progesterone in menstrual cycle

Progesterone plays the following role in the menstrual cycle.

  • Progesterone regulates all the activities that take place during the second half of your menstrual cycle
  • Mainly, it thickens the uterine lining by preparing the endometrium. 
  • The endometrium secretes particular proteins that help it to receive and nourish a fertilized egg.
  • Moreover, progesterone inhibits the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.


You have a low level of testosterone in your body as compared to men. It is a sex hormone.

Ovaries and adrenal glands secrete the testosterone hormone.

As a women testosterone plays the following roles in your body

  • Strengthen your bones
  • Maintain your muscle mass
  • Enhances sex drive
  • It gives you a sense of relaxation and well being.

Hormone Imbalance Menstrual Cycle Symptoms

hormone imbalance menstrual cycle symptoms

From the above discussion, it is clear that hormone imbalance can affect your menstrual cycle. But the hormone imbalance menstrual cycle symptoms are given as under

  1. Irregular periods including stopped or missed periods.
  2. Menstrual Acne
  3. Light or heavy periods
  4. Periods with pain
  5. Acne before or during menstruation
  6. Anxiety or anger during periods
  7. Mood swings or irritability
  8. Depression

Moreover, if your hormone level is not balanced, your digestive issues such as diarrhea, stomach pain, bloating, and nausea can get worse during your periods.

But to know about the effect of hormone imbalance on your menstrual cycle, you must know the reason behind these hormones variance. The reasons that might contribute to the variations in hormones are as under:

  • Eating Disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Tumors
  • Thyroid Problems
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Stress
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency
  • Medications

Collagen Powder and menstrual cycle

collagen powder and menstrual cycle

You must have known the amazing benefits of collagen for your hair and skin. Collagen helps decrease the aging process and also enhances your beauty.

But do you know that collagen is also helpful for your hormones? In the case of hormonal imbalance, collagen can be your great companion. It improves your hormonal health. 

You can get beautiful skin without any aging signs with the help of collagen as it maintains and balances the hormonal level in your body. Likewise, collagen also brings back your menstrual cycle to its original span by balancing your hormones.

Collagen helps your thyroid to function healthy, and consequently, it starts secreting hormones on their average level.

Your periods can identify if you are going through hormonal variance and collagen powder then help you to balance these hormones. 

You must be thinking about how you can identify if you need to take collagen or not. The answer is in the following lines.

  • Your menstruation routine
  • Symptoms associated with your periods
  • Color of your period blood
  • Frequency of your menses

All the above things are the identifiers that can help you to detect any hormonal abnormality in your periods.

People Also Ask

Q: What Causes Hormonal Imbalance In The Menstrual Cycle?

A: Hormonal Imbalance in the menstrual cycle can be caused by certain medical conditions that can affect your thyroid or adrenal glands such as:
Thyroid problems
As well as some other habits or lifestyle changes can also cause hormonal variances in the menstrual cycle, such as eating disorders and stress.

Q: Which Hormone Is Responsible For Periods?

A: Hormones that are responsible for menstruation are in the following:
Follicle-stimulating hormone
Luteinizing hormone


Q: What Are The Symptoms Of Hormonal Imbalance In Females?

A: Signs of hormone variance in women are:
Vaginal dryness
Heavy, irregular, or painful periods
Breast tenderness
Hot flashes and night sweats
Constipation and diarrhea
Acne during or just before menstruation


Some changes in hormones are quite reasonable and natural, just like during your menstruation. In the first half of your cycle, estrogen is more than progesterone. Whereas in the second half of the procedure, the progesterone level is higher than the estrogen level.

There is also a change in your hormones level during puberty, childbearing ages, breastfeeding, and menopause. These alterations regulate the essential reproductive functions of your body.

But sometimes your medical conditions or habits lead to the abnormal hormonal imbalance in which your hormone-secreting glands got affected, and they did not produce the average level of hormones.

This hormone imbalance can disturb your menstrual cycle because your healthy menstrual cycle results from the level production of female hormones. Taking collagen can improve and enhance your hormonal health, which brings your periods back to their healthy routine.

You can improve your hormonal health to normalize your menstrual cycle by reducing stress and increasing exercise. Also, if you have identified that you may have developed hormonal imbalance due to some medical cause, then consult your doctor immediately. 

Your physician may prescribe hormone replacement therapy for you. It will bring your menstrual cycle to its track by balancing your hormones.

Every disorder has a cure. All you need is not to panic about it. Have patience and cure it by adopting some healthy habits.

After all, the only person that cares most about you is only yourself. Care and love yourself. You need yourself the most. So pay attention to you and your menstruation routine. Note every minor change that you notice in your periods.

I hope you find this article helpful. Still, got any questions? Don’t hesitate to ask me in the comments section below ?

Also, share this article on your social media to help those who are suffering from hormonal imbalance. Because “Share Is Care”

Got any thoughts? ? Share it with me. Waiting for your Feedback ?

Happy Periods ❤

Love, Suhana ?

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