Irregular periods causes, symptoms, treatment, Home remedies for 2020

Most of the girls, when I met in person, often tell me about having “irregular periods” or Menstruation Cycle, and I realized that they are worried about abnormal periods and about its treatment. Many times they also discuss the side-effects of variable periods and talk that how to treat irregular periods. it has some cause of this like taking birth control pills, eating unhealthy foods.

I also experienced that when you tell someone about your irregular period, they started giving you several bits of advice about how to regulate and treat them, and applying those remedies sometimes provides more harm than benefit.

Considering all these things, I decided to write about irregular periods, and also share that how to treat irregular periods, how to overcome ir-menstruation naturally, their-Menstrual Cycle in teenagers, home remedies about ir-menstruation, symptoms, and causes of irregular menstruation.

So if you are facing the same problem of irregular periods, then you are at the right place because I wrote this article on my personal experience and on the experiences of my friends and sisters. That’s why you can trust me with the information provided here. And I suggest you read the complete article to get maximum essential information about our-periods and how to treat irregular periods.

Irregular periods

The term irregular periods have many aspects and have different findings as a result of this.

Menstruation means that you are skipping periods for a couple of months simultaneously, or you are having periods 2 to 3 times in a month. 

The length of the Menstrual cycle is not the same in every woman; it varies from individual to individual, but the average length of a menstrual cycle is 28 days, but studies show that everything between 21-35 days is considered normal. 

If you have “regularly irregular” periods, then it is not considered as Ir-Periods because it is your period routine. And I am not saying that if your period is irregular, then it always remains irregular. It might or might not be because it totally depends upon the underlying causes of this regularity.

You can say that if your periods routine is changed, all sudden and continues for a long time. Then you may be facing irregular periods; it also includes heavy menstrual flow than usual or having more blood clots as compared to routine.

The medical term used for irregular periods is oligomenorrhea. If you have infrequent menstruation in your childbearing age, then you may have oligomenorrhea.

 Oligomenorrhea is diagnosed when a woman did not have periods for more than 35 days. Otherwise, variations in menstruation are pretty reasonable.

Symptoms of irregular periods

You can identify if your periods are abnormal or not by noticing the following signs:

  • Variations in periods, i.e., periods that occur more than 35 days and less than 21 days apart.
  • Periods that stay longer than seven days as usually periods remain for 2-7 days.
  • Missing 3 or more periods consecutively.
  • Having periods with pain, cramping, nausea, or vomiting.
  • If the menstrual flow is heavier or lighter than usual.
  • Bleeding or spotting after menopause or following sex, between periods.

Causes of irregular periods

Besides menopause or pregnancy, many underlying reasons cause irregular periods, and you need to notify these causes if you are serious about the treatment of your irregular periods

After consulting some of my friends, who go through irregular periods. I made a list of causes of irregular periods according to their experience.

An interesting thing about the causes of irregular periods is that every girl who has irregular periods has a different reason for it. But some share the same, though.

The list of reasons for the irregular period is given as under:

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
  2. Birth control pills
  3. Highly stressful life
  4. Dehydration
  5. Obesity
  6. Low body weight
  7. Unhealthy lifestyle
  8. Dieting
  9. Excessive exercise
  10. Endometriosis
  11. Pelvic inflammatory disease
  12. Premature ovarian insufficiency
  13. Food allergies/sensitivities
  14. Medications
  15. Breastfeeding
  16. Excessive secretion of prolactin hormone

PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder in which a woman’s body starts producing male hormones higher than the average level. This disease causes small cysts on ovaries. That disturbs ovulation. It also causes irregular periods.

If you experience the following symptoms, then you may have developed PCOS. In this case, you should immediately consult your doctor because it can cause complications in your pregnancy if you are planning a baby.

  • Irregular periods.
  • Hair growth.
  • Heavy bleeding. 
  • Acne.
  • Darkening of the skin
  • Male-pattern baldness.
  • Headaches.

PCOS has the potential to increase the risk of miscarriage, infertility, heart diseases, and diabetes.

Birth control pills

birth control pills
Image Credit: www.bedsider.org

As I already discuss that certain hormones cause periods, so any disturbance in them can make periods irregular, so another reason for irregular periods is started or stop taking birth control pills.

When you start taking birth control pills, your hormones got disturbed. That’s why you might suffer irregular periods because your body is not used to it. After some months of taking birth control pills, your periods will become regular.

In the same pattern, when you stop taking birth control pills, it disturbs the hormones again, and your body takes some time to regulate the menstrual cycle. that’s why birth control pills are heavily unrecommended.

Highly stressful life

When you are taking a lot of stress, it may be a trauma or everyday stress; it gives your mind a signal that you are in trouble, and your body starts producing stress hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. 

These two hormones are related to our stress response that helps us to deal with those stress-causing threats. Since being fertile is secondary to survival, your body starts producing stress hormones rather than sex hormones.

If cortisol level rises, it has effects on other hormones such as estrogen that’s why you experienced irregular periods in a highly stressful life.

And I have a solution to this problem that works for me in my stressful times. And that is being relaxed. Time will pass, and time has to move, so don’t worry about what is going about you because healthy you are everything that matters.

Dehydration

When doing research about the causes of irregular periods and seeking experience from my friends, I didn’t hear about dehydration. Still, I’m mentioning it here because I have my personal experience regarding this.

About 3 years ago, I was facing extremely irregular periods. I didn’t have my periods for about 6 months in a row. That’s why I was a bit worried that may I has PCOS? But when I consult my doctor, she said that there is nothing like that. Just you have to pay attention to your diet.

When I came home, I started drinking a lot of water, and I mean it really a lot of water that going to washroom become my number one, and it works amazingly as the next day, I got my periods. 

So my suggestion is if you do not have periods for a couple of months, then start drinking a lot of water maybe 8-9 litters a day. It will help you. Thanks, me in the comments ?

Obesity

Obesity or gaining so much weight can also cause irregular periods. Body fat is related to the production of estrogen. So if you have a lot of body fat, it can cause the production of estrogen levels higher then usual, and you may have periods 2-3 times in a month.

Low body weight

You can start to miss your periods if you have too little body fat. Our body fat is essential for the production of the estrogen hormone. That’s why skinny women can have irregular periods.

Extreme low body weight can put your body to the risks of hormone imbalances.

Unhealthy lifestyle

An unhealthy lifestyle, including intake of much sugar and fried/ fast foods, can disturb your menstruation.

High intake of sugar, pesticides, hydrogenated fats, and artificial additives is linked with adrenal fatigue and thyroid issue that can increase the level of cortisol.

Dieting

If you are on a dieting of having a diet deficient in nutrients, then you may face irregular periods

A low-fat or low-calorie diet can cause nutrient deficiencies and low body fat that may contribute to bone loss. Researches have shown that if you are entirely on raw foods, then you are at a high risk of underweight. 

Dieting and remaining hungry for much time can also put stress in your brain, and this can cause this.

Excessive exercise

We all know the importance of exercise as moderate exercise is beneficial for the reasonable regulation of our body, mood regulation, and heart health. But over-exercise can put pressure on the pituitary, adrenal, and thyroid glands, which in result cause a disturbance in menstruation.

If you are a top athlete and exercise on high intensities, then your periods can suddenly stop because some significant events such as Marathon require excessive physical excretion.

Another reason for the disturbed menstrual cycle in extreme exercising is that the body needs lots of energy for this, and as you know, menstruation also consumes power; that’s why your body will prevent energy loss by toping menstruation.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disorder in which endometrial tissues start growing outside the muscles.

Endometrial tissues line the uterus breakdown every month and discharged from the body during menstrual flow.

In endometriosis, endometrial tissues often attached themselves to the fallopian tube or ovaries, sometimes it might grow in the areas between your rectum and uterus or in the intestines or in other organs in the lower digestive tract.

Endometriosis may cause:

  • Painful intercourse
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Pain or cramps before or during periods

Pelvic inflammatory disease

I-Periods can also cause by Pelvic inflammatory disease, which is basically a bacterial infection in the female reproductive system. The reasons for Pelvic inflammatory disease include sexual contact, gynecologic procedures during miscarriage, abortion, or childbirth.

The symptoms of Pelvic inflammatory disease are:

  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy vaginal discharge
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic
  • Nausea
  • vomiting

Premature ovarian insufficiency

This condition is considered as immature menopause. It occurs in the woman of under age 40 whose menstrual cycle stops because ovaries don’t function normally.

Chemotherapy and radiations can cause Premature ovarian insufficiency in the woman. Or women with specific chromosomal abnormalities or family history with Premature ovarian insufficiency can also develop it.

The treatment of it is crucial, so immediately consult your doctor if you have it.

Food allergies/sensitivities

Your hormone levels can be affected by celiac disease or undiagnosed gluten sensitivity. These diseases have the potential to affect sex hormone production because they can add chronic stress to your adrenal glands, cause nutrients deficiencies, and negatively impact gut health.

Medications

Some medicines can impact on your progesterone or estrogen hormones and can disturb your menstrual cycle.

For example, the use of antidepressants can cause irregular periods because these hormones play a vital role in our menstrual cycle.

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding can cause fluctuations in hormone levels, which causes irregular periods. 

You may have irregular periods after the birth of your baby if you breastfeed or not. 

There are some cases that some women got their periods altogether when they stop breastfeeding.

Irregular periods after stopping breastfeeding

When you are breastfeeding, you are more likely to have irregular periods than usual as you have before pregnancy because breastfeeding may prevent ovulation, and no ovulation consequently means no menstruation.

While studies show that women who breastfeed may have a period within 6 months of giving childbirth.

When you stop breastfeeding, you might take a long time to have regular periods because hormones that control breastfeed often prevent ovulation, and after this disturbance, your hormones take some time in proper functioning.

If you are experiencing irregular periods after stopping breastfeeding, then there is no need to worry as it will become standard over time. 

Just wait for them patiently and enjoy your parenthood.

Excessive secretion of prolactin hormone

Excessive secretion of prolactin hormone is another factor affecting the menstrual cycle.

Ir-Periods in teenagers

If you are in your teens and your periods are not regular, then you don’t have to worry about it. It is pretty normal to have irregular periods at a young age.

Doctors said that it is reasonable to have irregular periods till 25 because, in your teens, your body is still developing. For normal menstruation, complete ovulation is necessary.

Your body takes time to reach a point where it is mature enough to ovulate regularly. And when you ovulate usually, your menstruation will become regular.

Some other factors cause irregular periods in teenagers:

  • Being under or overweight
  • Undernourished
  • Stress 
  • Hormonal imbalances, because your body is developing in your teens.
causes of strange periods
Credit Image: ClipArtWiki

But as a friend, I will suggest you keep track of your periods in their first few years so that you can understand or follow what is normal and what’s not.

Irregular period’s treatment

If you are experiencing irregular periods then the treatment is not necessary as you are not alone. The majority of the females face random menstruation from their puberty to their teens. 

The ultimate goal of treatment is to normalize your hormones, as hormones are the things involved in your menstruation cycle and any disturbance in them causes problems in your periods.

But if your irregular menses are bothering you then you may need to treat them.  For the treatment of random periods, you have to know the underlying condition causing irregularity in them.

Medical conditions which cause irregularity in your menstruation is maybe

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Hypothyroidism

If you have developed any of these conditions, your physician will treat them which in turn regularize your periods.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Birth control pills and other hormones are used to treat random menstruation if you have PCOS.

Hypothyroidism

Your physician will recommend taking thyroid hormones to cure hypothyroidism.

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy helps you to regularize irregular menses. An imbalance or lack of hormones can cause irregular menses. Hormone therapy includes the following procedures:

Birth control pills

Birth control pills contain hormones such as progesterone and estrogen. Taking these oral contraceptives regulates your improper menstrual cycle.

Progestin

Progestin is a hormonal medication that triggers periods in you if you are not having menses regularly.

Surgery

Another reason that may cause your periods to become irregular, are structural problems or scarring in your fallopian tubes or uterus. There might be scars in your reproductive tract, and surgery is performed to remove them.

Your doctor will prescribe to remove them through surgery if you want normal menstrual specifically if you want to have a baby.

Medicines to regularize periods

Medicines which are used to treat irregular menstrual cycle, other than birth control pills are:

Metformin

Metformin is an insulin-lowering insulin drug that is typically prescribed for type-2 diabetes. But it is also recommended to regulate ovulation and regular menstruation consequently.

Provera

Provera tablets are used to treat irregular menses even if your periods are stopped. 

You can use Provera 2.5 mg, 5 mg, and 10 mg to treat other period problems including painful, and heavy menstruation.

I highly recommend you not go for self-medication, instead consult your doctor before taking it.

Irregular period home remedies

Aloe Vera and honey

As you know the benefits of aloe Vera as a home remedy for several problems. This surprising ingredient also helps in your irregular menstrual cycle.

medicine to regularise periods

Mix aloe Vera gel with one teaspoon of honey and take it before breakfast. Do these remedies daily for 2-3 months.

Don’t use it during your periods.

Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is easily available in your homes. It is very effective in regulating the menstrual cycle.

medicine to regularise periods

Add 3 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in one glass of water. Drink this solution three times a day.  

How to overcome irregular periods naturally?

To overcome irregular periods naturally, first, you have to know the underlying reason for your irregular periods. You may have irregular periods due to overweight or low-weight, or you are in stress, or you are doing a lot of exercise. You have thyroid disorders, or might be you are taking some medications that cause a disturbance in your menstrual cycle.

If you have irregular periods due to the above reasons, then you may overcome them naturally. Still, if the causes of your irregular periods are some medical disorders, then you should consult your doctor for treatment. 

Following are some tips to overcome irregular periods naturally:

  • Avoid preservatives or processed food.
  • Take a healthy, clean diet.
  • Drink water as much as you can.
  • Don’t wish to lose weight quickly by following any fad diet.
  • Avoid dairy products.
  • Eat foods that don’t spike your blood sugar- foods with a low glycemic load.
  • Take supplements.
  • Try home remedies.
  • Reduce your weight.
  • Don’t take stress at all.
  • Do healthy exercise.
  • Take your hormone therapy.

Home remedies for irregular periods

irregular periods home remedy

If you want to treat irregular periods I will help you to treat irregular periods, you can take medicines from your gynecologist, but it is a somehow costly procedure, or maybe they have some side-effects. 

So according to me, the best procedure to treat irregular periods is through home remedies. In the following, I’m providing some effective home remedies for occasional periods, and most of them are always available in your kitchen.

Honey
causes of irregular menstruation

Honey is my all-time favorite remedy for many problems. You can add a small amount of honey in ginger tea to regulate your menstrual cycle.

Indian lilac/Neem Tree
causes of irregular periods, treat irregular periods

Soak the bark of neem tree with water at night. In the next morning, drain the water and drink it three times a day. It will help with your ir-Periods.

Fennel seeds
birth control pills

Fennel seeds help in periods cramps and also make menstruation regular. You only have to take one teaspoonful of fennel seeds and see the magical result of it.

Sesame seeds
causes of irregular periods

This is another home remedy that is honey. Just take one teaspoonful of honey along with one teaspoonful of sesame seeds daily. It will treat irregular periods and menstrual flow.

Unripe papaya
treat abnormal periods

Eating unripe papaya daily regulate your menstruation. It has a heating effect on your body. That’s why unripe papaya is strictly prohibited during pregnancy.

Turmeric home remedy
treat unusual periods

Turmeric helps in periods cramps as well as assist in regulating the menstrual cycle.

Take warm milk and add half a teaspoon of turmeric powder in it. You need to drink daily to treat menstrual irregularities naturally.

Ginger remedy
birth control pills

One of the ginger remedies with honey is described earlier. Now I will tell you another two medications of ginger to treat Irregular-Periods at home.

  1. Take a small piece of ginger and boil it in half a cup of water. Drink this water two times a day before breakfast and after dinner.
  2. Take one teaspoonful of ginger juice. Drink three times a day for a minimum of one month to regulate menstruation.
Carrot juice
 birth control pills

Drinking carrot juice helps in metabolism, immunity, and not on time menstruation. Make carrot juice a part of your diet to stay healthy, fit and treat irregular menstruation.

Bitter ground juice

Bitter ground juice really helps in your irregular menstruation. Take 2 teaspoonfuls of bitter ground juice daily to regulate menstruation.

Bermuda Grass as abnormal periods home remedy

Do you know the fantastic gains of Bermuda grass? Bermuda Grass helps to control sugar and cure constipation. Moreover, it also helps to negotiate bleeding gums and other oral problems.

Besides these health benefits, Bermuda grass is also an excellent home remedy to manage irregular periods in teenagers. My mom told me about this home medication early this morning.

bermuda grass juice to treat irregular periods in teenagers

If you want to regulate your unusual menstruation and to induce menstrual flow, drink Bermuda grass juice in the early morning with an empty stomach.

How To Make Bermuda Grass Juice

To make a Bermuda Grass juice:

  • Grind the grass with clean drinking water using a mixer grinder. 
  • Then strain that juice with a strainer or cloth.
  • You can add a pinch of salt or black pepper according to your taste.

Home Remedies For irregular periods in teenagers

When you just started your periods, you didn’t have enough knowledge about them. So, any irregularity in them can cause stress in you. But my dear, it is not a dangerous thing. Even I also experienced some abnormalties in my menses during my teens.

If you are in your teens, then there are the highest chances that your menstrual cycle is uncertain. The reason behind this is that your body is still developing.

In case you want to regulate them and want to mensrtuate in time then you should do the following things. I have amassed some home remedies that will help you.

irregular periods in teenagers home remedies

Let’s talk about one by one:

Don’t go on an intense diet

Extreme dieting can be a reason of irregular bleeding. Yeah, I know you mostly want to loose come calories to look beautiful in those pretty dresses. 

And mainly when you are a teenager and entered your puberty, you start to pay more attention to your size and shape. 

I know this because, in my teens, I always want to look smart and to gain a perfect body, I tend to lose some calories.

But do you know doing an extreme diet can leave adverse effects on your body? Chiefly when it comes to your menstrual cycle.

So the best home remedy for irregular periods in teenagers is to sustain an excellent healthy diet.

A diet full of nutritions and vitamins will help your body to maintain a healthy weight, and also it will regularize your menses.

Wait, wait, wait

In your teens, you have irregular periods because your body is still developing. The regular menstrual cycle is an indication that your body is functioning correctly.

But when you are a teenager, your body is still gaining its original pattern and level.

So I personally suggest you not to take strain about irregular periods. Only wait for your body to maintain its harmonic level.

As time passes, your menstrual cycle will be usual.

Track Your Cycle

Sometimes there is a regularity in your irregular menstruation. I mean, if you always have periods after every 2 months, then this is regular.

So to avoid any misleading about the variable period pattern, track your menstrual cycle.

Foods to eat to have menstruation

If your menstruation is delayed, eating these foods will induce menstruation.

birth control pills
  • Jaggery
  • Turmeric
  • Ginger
  • Cinnamon
  • Pineapple
  • Dates
  • Dark chocolates
  • Papaya 
  • Coffee
  • Nuts 
  • Mangoes

FAQs

Q1: What is the cause of irregular periods?

A: There are many causes of irregular periods varying from internal to medical disorders. The most common cause of irregular periods nowadays is Polycystic ovary syndrome, which is often not diagnosed correctly.

Other causes of irregular periods include medications, birth control pills, over-exercise, extremely low or more weight, poor diet, unhealthy lifestyle, and hormonal imbalance.

Q2: Are irregular periods regular?

A: if you have “regularly irregular ” periods, then it is normal, but if there is a sudden change in your periods’ pattern, then this is not normal. 

If you are in the first few years of your periods and you are facing irregularity, then it is also reasonable because your body is still developing to regulate menstruation and ovulation.

If you are in the age of menopause and facing irregular periods, then it is also standard. As your body is in a procedure of stopping ovulation.

Q3: How do you treat irregular periods?

A: You can treat irregular periods in different ways; indeed, every woman has a different approach to manage them.

You can treat by taking some medicines, or can treat it naturally, using home remedies.

Doing yoga and exercise also helps you to figure out this.

Conclusion

Irregular menstruation is not a matter of concern if you are in your teens as periods remain irregular till the age of 25. If you are experiencing irregular menses regularly then it not a strange thing. But if you experience a sudden change in them, the difference might be having periods more then once in a month or having no periods at all for up to 3 months in a row. There are several causes of irregular periods.

You can also say your periods are irregular if there is more or less menstrual flow then normal, or having pain more then before, or having big blood clots during menstrual flow.

These signs require your consideration, and you should pay proper attention to it. In my teens, my periods were super irregular, and I’m okay with it now because now I have little awareness about it.

I hope you found this article helpful if so say a big YES in comments. Share your experience about irregular periods and your remedy to treat irregular periods with us.

Have happy periods ❤

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