The Menstrual Cycle Guide 2021, Sharing Experiences with you.


Menstruation Guide

The menstrual cycle, If you or your loved one is going to have her first period. Then this article is for you because it will guide you. mentally prepare you for having your first period. It is the guide that I wish I could have when I was about to have my first periods.

Now the first question is how you can determine that you are going to have your first period? The answer is that if your age is about 12 and you entered puberty then soon you are going to have your first period.

In this article, I will not use ambiguous medical terms. I will talk to you like a friend of yours. so that you can understand the whole procedure or the term menstruation.

Let’s discuss the menstrual Cycle or periods with our daughters. because it is indispensable to teach them about this. Tell them that it is not a disease, it is a delicate procedure from which every woman goes through. And they don’t have to worry about this.

Tell them how to take care of themselves during periods. And what routine they should follow for having healthy. and regular periods because abnormalities in periods can cause complications in life.


Menstruation/periods is a state. Through which every woman go during their life from puberty to the age of 41-55. Menstruation is the flow of blood. And the removal of other materials from the lining of uterus through the vagina.

It is a normal process in a woman that potentially prepares her for pregnancy. Every woman from puberty goes through a period every month which lasts for 3-7 days varying with age.

This flow of blood has different names such as menstruation, periods or bleeding. And all names mean the same.

Having periods doesn’t mean you are ill or having a disease; instead. it is an indicator that all your body is functioning. After 1st year or 2nd year of the beginning of your periods. You may experience longer. And inconsistent cycles but these cycles will go short and consistent as you grow old.

What is the Menstruation Cycle?

To understand about menstrual Cycle lets not dive into specific medical terminologies. my best to make it simple and understandable.

There are some organs in our bodies. Such as structures in the brain. — Hypothalamus, along with, ovaries the pituitary glands that produce some hormones. and the up. Moreover, down of these hormones regulate our menstrual cycle.

When puberty starts, our uterine lining prepares itself for the possible pregnancy. It becomes enriched with blood and nutrients to uphold the fertilization of the egg. Around 14 days of this procedure, an egg released from ovaries.

If sperm is already present, then fertilization takes place otherwise change in hormones takes place that results in the breakdown of the egg along with the removal of the uterus lining through the vagina.

This bleeding is the first day of your period. So a menstrual cycle starts from the first day of your period and ends to the first day of your next period.

Menstrual Cycle essential

The Menstrual Cycle has much importance in the healthy life of a woman. A usual menstrual cycle sign that everything is going all right within our body.

A regular healthy menstrual cycle is essential for your possible pregnancy as a menstrual cycle is a window through which you can see if your body is functioning right or not.

The average span of the menstrual cycle

The average span of the menstrual cycle is 28 days, and there is a 24-day difference which means that anything between 21 and 45 days is considered normal.

From which age Periods Generally Start?

The average age of a girl to expect her first period is 12 years. It may vary because all girls don’t get periods at the same time. Between 8 to 15 years, a girl can start her periods anytime.

You may have less or more blood flow, long or short, painful or pain-free. And these are all normal because all girls are different from each other. in the duration of their immune system or stamina.

Menstrual flow depends upon the amount of bloodshed from your vagina. There are also some irregularities of menstrual flow, at some stage of your age. You might experience heavy blood flow than before.

Usually, there is massive blood flow during the first two days of menstruation. And bleeding may last for 3-7 days but, its period from 2-5 days is also considered normal.

Your First Period

If it is you or your’s daughter the first period, take special care of her.

Menstruation Cycle
  • Teach her about feminine hygiene products, pads, tampons. Avail It
  • Show her how to use them.
  • Change the pad before it soaked with blood.
  • Tell her that you also have periods every month.
  • Tell her to change the pad every 4-8 hours.
  • Tell her the problems that can occur during menstruation.

Follow the above points if it is your first period, Tell your mother about it. And don’t worry about the pain or mood changes associated with it because it is a natural sweetheart.

Personally recommend to use it, if you want a comfortable period.

Symptoms of Periods

The signs from which you can identify that you are going to have periods include the following:

  • Acne
  • Headache
  • Pains in the low abdomen
  • Bloating
  • Mood changes
  • Tiredness
  • Breast soreness
  • Food cravings
  • Diarrhea
  • Sleep issues
  • Cramping in back

Some woman related spotting as a sign of their periods. Spotting is a release of brown discharge from the vagina. And it occurs between menstrual Cycle. Signs and symptoms of spots are like the signs of periods except for some weight gain and tender breasts.

Pay particular attention during periods

The flow of blood through the vagina each month called periods. And you should pay proper attention to it because it varies you grow older. There are certain things about. which you should consult your doctor about periods.

  • If your breasts don’t start growing by age 13.
  • If there are 3 years of your breast growth, but you didn’t have your first period.
  • If your periods did not start by age 15.
  • If you feel sick or have a fever after using tampons.
  • You have severe pain during periods.
  • If periods stop for more then 90 days.
  • Your periods last for more than seven days.
  • You are bleeding than usual.
  • Regular cycles have after an irregularity in periods.
  • Your periods occur less, or more often than every 21 days or 35 days.

Menstruation holding Age

The Menstrual cycle stops when a woman reaches the age of 45-55. But it also varies from woman to woman, the average age at which menstruation stops in a woman is 50.

Stoping of menstruation in a woman means that there is no more ovulation in that woman. And she is not more able to get pregnant. This phase called menopause.

The menstrual cycle is irregular at the beginning or younger age, and it goes to be regular as you grow older.

When it comes to menopause. The irregularity of the period cycle again experienced.

Causes of Periods Stopping

Periods stop altogether when a woman reaches menopause. Also, some other factors cause the stoppage of periods. Before the arrival of menopause. These factors include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Breastfeeding
  • Long-term illness
  • Low body weight
  • Stress
  • Low water intake
  • Hormone imbalance
  • Uterine Fibroids
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Lots of exercises
  • Medications such as contraceptives
  • Eating disorders
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Problems associated with Menstruation

As I described earlier, having periods is not a problem itself. But some, problems associated with it.

which can disturb you such as:

  • Period pain
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Irritation
  • Bloating
  • Sadness
  • Aching
  • Tender breasts
  • Unpredictable or irregular periods

Relief in periods of Pain

Period pain is also called dysmenorrhoea. As a friend, I will suggest you take medications as soon as the bleeding starts. While having these pains, you can take the following steps to seek relief from it:

  • Pain killers such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen.
  • Place a hot water bottle or heating pad on your tummy or lower back.
  • Take a rest.
  • Take warmth bath.
  • Don’t use tobacco or alcohol.
  • Massage your abdomen or lower back.
  • Take foods with less caffeine and salt.
  • Taking birth control pills can also lessen menstrual pain.


Now I will give answers to the questions that asked about periods and menstrual cycle:

Q1: Can periods/Menstruation Cycle change?

A: Yes, menstrual Cycle and period change with your age. In the beginning years of menstruation, the cycle is long and irregular, but as you grew older. It becomes short and more consistent.

Q2:  How do you count the days of your Menstruation Cycle?

A: The menstrual cycle begins with the first day of your current period and ends on the first day of your last period. So if you want to count the days of your menstrual cycle. Mark the first day of your current periods.

For Example, my periods start on 23 September so mark that date on the calendar. And start counting as the day passes such as 1,2,3,4 till the first day of your next periods.
The days you counted are the days of your menstrual cycle.

Q3: What causes the Menstruation Cycle to change dates?

A: Factors that cause the menstrual cycle to change the dates given below:

  • Disease like hypothyroidism
  • Hormonal imbalance-Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Age
  • Eating disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Excessive weight loss or gain
  • Emotional stress
  • Breastfeeding
  • Illegal drug use
  • Increased exercise
Q4: Which age Menstruation Cycle will stop?

A: Periods usually stop between the age of 45-55 but generally periods stop around the age of 50.

Q5: What are the four stages of the Menstruation Cycle?

A: The Menstrual cycle has three stages in it actually. But another stage menstruation included in it, and these become four stages. So the four stages of the menstrual cycle are the following:

  1. Menstruation
  2. Follicular phase (Days 1-14)
  3. Ovulatory Phase (Day 14)
  4. Luteal Phase (Days 14-28)
Q6: What is period blood made of?

A: Period blood made of old parts of uterine tissues, bacteria making up the vaginal flora, blood. And cells from the mucous lining in the vagina.

Q7: How many days between periods is normal?

A: The average days between periods are 28 days. But anything between 21-45 days considered normal.


Menstruation is an essential phase of every woman’s life. That occurs once a month preparing her for the possible pregnancy. After the ovulation takes place. And if fertilization did not happen, the egg breaks down and discharge from the body.

Within the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. This bleeding is also called periods. Periods show that all parts’ bodies are functioning exactly.

The menstruation cycle takes place due to the up and down of hormones. the Menstrual cycle starts from the first day of one period to the first day of the next period.

You have to pay proper attention and consult your doctor. if you are experiencing some abnormalities in your periods or menstrual cycle. Talk to your daughters, sisters, and loved ones about periods if they didn’t know about it already.

Give them your time and special care in their period as periods also causes mood swings. Listen to her and told her that I am with you, and you are a healthy person if your periods are regular.

The experience of having the first period is something we always remember. I have shared that experience of mine with you in About. Please share your experience of having the early periods with me.

? Share this guide to whom you love and care about — much Love. ❤

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