Period Pain / Dysmenorrhea / Menstrual Cramps

Period Pain

Are you having period pain each month? Your menstrual pain is so severe that it disturbs your daily activities. And you laid down on your bed for a couple of days due to painful periods. Then read this complete article because, in this article, I’m going to discuss all the problems related to menstrual cramps.

Period Pain, painful periods

In the coming one or two days, I’m going to have my periods, and I usually experience pain after the onset of periods. Sometimes before 24 hours before menstruation.

And to tackle this pain was always a messy thing for me. that’s why I decided to research on period pain and how to address them so that in my next periods, I could be ready.

After doing brief research, I am writing this article so that you may out there if you severe menstrual pain can know about this, causes, and remedies.

Period Pain/ Menstrual Cramps

Period pain is painful sensations that I experience during menstruation. Menstruation is the process of discharge of blood.

So other mucous cells, including the internal lining of the vagina during the Menstruation cycle.

Menstruation took place after the successful ovulation in a female reproductive system when fertilization of an egg in the womb did not take place.

Due to this, some hormones like progesterone cause shedding of the internal lining of the uterus.  And finally, removal of it through bleeding.

Every healthy woman goes through monthly menstruation after the onset of puberty till menopause, excluding pregnancy.

Some women face mild to minimal pains during or before periods. While some others might experience unadorned pains and it can be so bad that it interferes with their daily activities and stop them from going to school or work.

Studies show that about 80% of women face menstrual cramps due to which they can have pelvic pain or pain in the lower abdomen.

I remember when my elder sister was in her teens, she faced so much period of pain that she can not go to school and had vomiting and other symptoms of menstrual cramps.

Difference between menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome(PMS)

Menstrual cramps are not the same as premenstrual syndrome in many ways. Period pain starts before one or two days before periods, whereas premenstrual cramps start one or two weeks before your periods.

As well as both have different symptoms as well that I will share with you in some other article.

Forms of menstrual cramps

Frankly, I think that one of the most annoying things associated with a period is menstrual cramps because it makes you feel ill and dull, as well.

The range of period pain varies from women to women, and the brutality of it also changes.

The scientific term used for menstrual cramps is dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is further classified into two broad categories:

  • Primary dysmenorrhea
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common cause of painful periods in women.  In this type of period pain, the pain starts one or two days before your periods’ starts and lasts for a few days, though in some of us, this may last longer.

It is not caused by an underlying medical disorder in the uterus or womb. Instead, the cause of this period pain is a high level of prostaglandins in a female’s body.

These prostaglandin hormones cause the stretching and relaxing of the uterus due to which cramps are experienced.

Pain that is only associated with menstruation cycle is called primary dysmenorrhea because it has no secondary cause.

It is a natural condition and might also be due to a low supply of blood to the womb.

Period cramps happen when the muscles in the uterus tighten or relax. It can cause pain or cramping in the abdomen and pelvic area as well as pain in the stomach, lower back, and even in legs.

Secondary dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea that is caused by some secondary problems, is secondary dysmenorrhea.

This type of period pain starts. Lately, you can say that after the age of 25. If you do not have menstrual cramps during your 20’s and suddenly experiencing it in your later life, then you may have developed secondary dysmenorrhea.

Medical conditions that contribute to this type of dysmenorrhea are endometriosis and uterine fibroids. These diseases occur in the uterus or other reproductive organs of women’s bodies.

These kinds of pains started before your period and did not stop when your periods end. Period pain like this goes worse with time.

Due to secondary dysmenorrhea, your periods may become more substantial and more lengthy. It also causes intercourse painful.


Many causes contribute to painful periods. One of the primary grounds of period pain is tightening and relaxing of uterine operated by prostaglandins. These are the chemicals made by the uterus.

One causes that I did not find in my overall research is poor diet. As I experienced periods cramps a lot when I was on dieting.

Having food less in nutrition can increase the risk of period pain. And when you take a nutritious diet and supplements, then you will have less painful periods.

Other reasons for period cramps are:

  • Under the age of 25
  • Have periods at a shallow age, such as 11
  • mother suffered from painful periods, then there are more chances that you will also experience this
  • Smoke or consume alcohol, then you are at high risk of period cramps
  • irregular periods
  • Have heavy periods
  • Never have a baby
  • Highly stressful life

Other underlying medical disorders that cause painful periods in women are:

  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Andomeyosis
  • Cervical stenosis
Painful Periods


Endometriosis is the growth of endometrium tissues outside the uterus. Such as fallopian tubes, membranes lining your pelvis or ovaries. Endometrium tissues are the structures that make the internal lining of the uterus.

Recent researches show that this disease is common in females in their teens.

Uterine fibroids

Fibroids are noncancerous growths in the uterus, and they do not cause symptoms.

They can cause abnormal menstruation and can put pressure on the uterus that causes painful periods.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

PID is caused by a sexually transmitted bacteria which causes infection in the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.


Andomeyosis is caused when the tissues that line your uterus start growing in the muscle wall of the uterus. It is a rare condition and can cause longer or heavier periods.

It can cause inflammation. Pressure and pain in the muscular walls of the uterus.

Cervical stenosis

Cervical stenosis slows down the menstrual flow and causes pressure on the uterus, which generates pain. The cause of Cervical stenosis is a small cervix.


It is not compulsory that if you have periods, then you have to bear period pain. There are several methods you can use to reduce the risks of menstrual pain. In this article, I will discuss those measures to help you in your worst days.

Birth control pills

Birth control pills help a lot in painful periods. If you take birth-control pills, it doesn’t mean you will not have menstruation. Instead, it has a tendency to improve or even totally eliminate your menstrual pain.

Pain killers

Taking painkillers one or two days before your period can prevent period pain. I will suggest you take ibuprofen 3 times a day, and it will bring magic as these are NSAIDs.

You can use other pain relievers like acetaminophen and stronger prescribe prescribed medications.

Hormonal IUD

Periods with Pain

Hormonal IUD also helps to get rid of heavy and painful periods.

Fish Oil

On a personal note, taking high-quality fish oil brings a massive difference in menstrual pain.

Cinnamon tea

Cinnamon tea for painful periods

You can take cinnamon tea before one or two days of your period to prevent period cramps.

Make cinnamon tea by adding one-fourth teaspoon of cinnamon powder in half cup of hot water. Let it sit-up for five minutes, add some honey into it and sip it slowly.


The main symptom associated with menstruation is a debilitating pain in the stomach, lower abdomen, and lower back.

But it may vary from one woman to another. Also, the symptoms changes with your age.

symptom of Period Pain

Common symptoms include:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in thighs and lower back
  • Constipation
  • Loose stools
  • Bloating
  • Dizziness
  • Irritability
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain in legs
  • Weakness
  • Dullness
Headache in Period Pain

Treatment Of Period Pain

The treatment of dysmenorrhea based on the underlying cause. If you have primary dysmenorrhea, it can be treated with natural home remedies and with certain medications such as pain relievers.

If you have acute pain, then your doctor can prescribe strong medicines along with the use of hormonal birth control. These birth control can be in the type of pills, rings patches, and injections.

If you have secondary dysmenorrhea, then the doctor may perform surgery, in the case of endometriosis and uterine fibroids.

With the help of surgery, abnormal tissues will be removed from your body. You may undergo uterus removal if nothing of the above work.

Home remedies

I always said that coping with a problem naturally is the excellent thing you can do because you have no fear of side effects if you try home remedies for period pain.

I have gathered the best home remedies for you to help you come out of this.

  • Use a heating pad or heat water bottle on your low abdomen.
  • Start taking fruits and maximum water before the starting of periods.
  • Take a hot bath. It will help you in cramps.
hot bath in Period cramps
  • Try to relax your self. Engage yourself in activities that wipes your stress.
  • Go to bed. Take maximum sleep.
Sleep in Period Pain
  • Quit smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Do some physical exercise, yoga, etc. but do not do a lot of it.
  • Drink loads of water.
Drink water in Period Pain
  • Massage your low abdomen and lower back with heat oil.
Massage your low abdomen in Period Pain
  • Avoid sugar and fats containing foods.
  • You can take some bites of dark chocolate throughout the day. Don’t overeat.
Dark Chocolate in Period Pain

Things To Do In Menstrual Cramps

  • Eat vegetables and fruits.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes before and during your periods. It will give you a sense of relaxation.
Wear loose-fitting clothes in Period Pain
  • Eat plenty of salads and high fibre foods.
Eat plenty of salads in Period Pain
  • Eliminate salt from your diet.
  • Take vitamin supplements daily.
vitamin supplements in Painful periods
  • Eat more fish and chicken.
  • Raise your legs or lay with knees bent.
legs or lay in Period Pain
  • Take noncaffeinated tea. It will give you a heating effect.
  • Ginger helps effectively in easing menstrual cramps.
Ginger in menstrual cramps
  • Add one teaspoon of basil leaves in one cup of boiling water. Allow it to cool. Taking this water will help you.
Basil leaves in Painful periods
  • Swallowing fenugreek seeds also helps in period cramps.
fenugreek seeds in Periods Pain
  • Drink warm fluids like warm water or milk.
Drink warm fluids in Mensuration Cramps
Drinking Milk
  • Papaya is a potent anti-inflammatory agent. Including papaya in your diet minimize pain.
Papaya in Period Pain
  • Consuming flaxseeds reduce the intensity of menstrual cramps. You can take one or two spoons of flaxseeds during periods or can sprinkle it on your salads.
flaxseeds in Period Cramps
  • Mix turmeric with egg and cook it with butter and a little sugar. It will reduce your pain amazingly.
turmeric with egg in dysmenorrhea


If the above things are not helping you to overcome your period cramps. Then I would suggest you visit your gynecologist/ health care provider and describe your problem to her.

As she is the best, who can help you with your menstrual cycle and cure period pain, endometriosis through medications, and other procedures.

You should visit your doctor

  • Fever in periods
  • Never had cramps, but suddenly you got it
  • Experienced pain in your 30’s
  • Suddenly get more painful periods
  • Having pain without periods
  • Continued pain after the placement of IUD
  • Diarrhea and vomiting, along with cramps
  • Passing of blood clots during periods
  • Vaginal discharge has foul-smell.

Your doctor will examine your medical history and perform a physical exam to know the underlying cause of the above symptoms.

To check any abnormalities in your reproductive system and to check the presence of infection in it, your doctor will perform the pelvic exam.

examine yourself in dysmenorrhea

If you are likely to have secondary dysmenorrhea, then your doctor will perform the following imaging tests:

  • A CT scan
  • An ultrasound
  • An MRI


Here are some Answers to Public Questions to help Researchers.

How do you stop period pains?

You can stop period pains by taking birth control hormones, rings, pills, and hormonal IUD. Birth control pills lighten your uterus lining, and it will eliminate or totally minimize cramps. You can also use pain relievers to get the ease of these kinds of pains.

Why are my period pains so bad?

If you are having terrible period pain, then it might have specific reasons. It might be due to you are in your teens, or you have just started your periods. Because in the first few years of having periods.

The periods are more substantial and more painful,  and when you reach your 30’s they will become less havier and less painful likewise.

Is having painful periods normal?

Painful periods are only normal if:

  • You are below the age of 20.
  • Experiencing pain in the first two or three days of periods
  • Pain vanishes as your period ends
  • Using painkillers gives you relief from pain
  • Daily activities are not disturbed with it

Every type of menstrual pain other than above is not considered ‘normal.’


Menstrual cramps are the pains that start a day or two before your periods and last till the end of periods.

But the length of these cramps varies between us. There is a concept in our society that if you have periods, then you must have period cramps that is totally non-sense.

You may have periods without any single symptom of dysmenorrhea, as I have periods in my teens without a little pain. My period was super smooth in my teens as I used to eat healthy fruits at that age, but now some pain is associated with it, and I guess it is because I’m on dieting.

And I somehow overcome these pains by practicing home remedies that I shared with you above in this article because sharing is caring. Just take a healthy diet and the right amount of water and enjoy every day of your life, whether it is your period or not.

Share this article with other ladies whom you love and really care about health. Also, share your experience of period pain with me in the comments section, also upgrade my list of home remedies if you have other than the discussed.

Have happy pain-free periods ❤

1 thought on “Period Pain / Dysmenorrhea / Menstrual Cramps”

  1. Pingback: Diet plan during Periods |Food to avoid during your periods | Flaming Truth

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